CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture

  • Board
    CBSE
  • Textbook
    NCERT
  • Class
    Class 12
  • Subject
    History
  • Chapter
    CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  • Chapter Name
    Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning
  • Category
    CUET (Common University Entrance Test) UG

Practice MCQ Based questions for CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture

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CUET History Questions Objective Types for Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture Set-A

History - MCQ on COLONIAL CITIES

Class XII

Q.1 Three big colonial cities of India were:

a. Madras, Bombay and Calcutta (true)

b. Delhi, Amritsar and Lahore

c. Surat, Chandnagar and Chandigarh

d. Panji, Pune and Patna

Answer:

Explanation: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta were the three big colonial cities of India as they were the centers of most of the economic activities of English east India company.

Q.2 The common major feature of the towns/cities founded by the European was:

a. they all had airports

b. most of them were small in size

c. they were mostly located at coastal areas (true)

d. all of them had strong military forces

Answer:

Explanation: One of the most common and noticed feature of the cities founded by Britishers is there location near the major rivers, that is in the coastal areas.

Q.3 All the three big colonial cities of India were originally:

a. fishing and weaving villages (true)

b. shipping manufacturing centers and exporters dwelling centers

c. trade and foreign cultural and religions nodal centers

d. capital of princely cities

Answer:

Explanation: The three big colonial cities were originally fishing and weaving villages.

Q.4 Which of the following cities was developed by French?

a. Panji

b. Goa

c. Daman

d. Pondicherry (true)

Answer:

Explanation: The French establishes their trading company’s centre in Pondicherry.

Q.5 East India company’s agents settled in Madras in:

a. 1619

b. 1629

c. 1639 (true)

d. 1649

Answer:

Explanation: East India Company’s agents settled in madras in 1939 after constructing trading post in madraspatam. The settlement was locally known as chenapattanam.

Q.6 Who, among the following, was not the governer of madras presidency?

a. Thomas Pitt

b. Gerald Aungier (true)

c. Mortan Pitt

d. James Macrae

Answer:

Explanation: Gerald aungier was the governor of Bombay and played a major role in the development of the city.

Q.7 East India company’s agents settled in Calcutta in:

a. 1630

b. 1690 (true)

c. 1730

d. 1790

Answer:

Explanation: The arrival of the British East India Company in 1690, when the company was consolidating its trade business in Bengal.

Q.8 The king of England has got Bombay as part of his wife’s dowry from:

a. the king of France

b. the king of Russia

c. the king of Prussia

d. the king of Portugal (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Bombay was given to the east India company by the English king who in turn had got it from king of Portugal as a part of his wife’s dowry.

Q.9 The first railway line was opened between:

a. Bombay and Thane (true)

b. Madras and Arakoram

c. Calcutta and coal fields in west Bengal

d. Panji and Daman

Answer:

Explanation: The first railway line was opened between Bombay and a suburban city town called Thane in 1853.

Q.10 During Mughal period, the three important centers of imperial administration and control were:

a. Surat, Dhaka and Multan

b. Agra, Delhi and Lahore (true)

c. Fatehpur Sikri, Ajmer and Jodhpur

d. Patna, Peshawar and Ahmedabad

Answer:

Explanation: Fatehpur Sikri, Ajmer and Jodhpur are the three important centre of imperial administration and control.

Q.11 Shahjahanabad was founded by:

a. Babar

b. Akbar

c. Shahjahan (true)

d. Humayun

Answer:

Explanation: Shahjahan founded Shahjahanabad, and thus it was named on the name of Shahjahan.

Q.12 Mirza ghalib was a famous:

a. Sufi Saint

b. Urdu Poet (true)

c. Politician

d. A Mughal court Painter and Dancer

Answer:

Explanation: Mirza Ghalib was a most famous Urdu poet.

Q.13 What was the relation between Ganga Dhar Nehru and Jawaharlal Nehru?

a. he was the father of Jawaharlal Nehru

b. he was the grand father of Jawaharlal Nehru (true)

c. he was the son of Jawaharlal Nehru

d. there was no relation

Answer:

Explanation: Gangadhar was the grandfather of Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q.14 Who set up their base in Panji in 1510:

a. French

b. Britishers

c. Mughals

d. Portugese (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Portuguese set up their base in Panji in 1510. The Portuguese established their trading company’s base in Panji.

Q.15 The Dutch had set up their base in Masulipatnam in:

a. 1605 (true)

b. 1510

c. 1639

d. 1670

Answer:

Explanation: The Dutch established their trading company’s base in Masulipatnam in 1605.

Q.16 Ganj refers to a:

a. market of banjaras and nomads

b. small fixed market (true)

c. very big but mobile market

d. temporary market of a metro

Answer:

Explanation: Ganj refers to a small fixed market, from where local people can fulfill their demands as well as sell their goods,

Q.17 Battle of Plassey was fought in the year:

a. 1747

b. 1750

c. 1757 (true)

d. 1760

Answer:

Explanation: The battle of Plassey took place on June 23, 1757 at Palashi, west Bengal on the banks of the Bhagirathi River.

Q.18 Who was defeated in the battle of Plassey?

a. Nawab Sirajudaula (true)

b. Akbar

c. Lord Wellesley

d. East India company

Answer:

Explanation: The opponents in the battle of Plassey were Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal and the east India company. Nawab was defeated in the battle the entire province of Bengal fell to the company.

Q.19 Who was the kotwal of Delhi before 1857?

a. Motilal Nehru

b. Jawaharlal Nehru

c. Arum Nehru

d. Gangadhar Nehru (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Gangadhar Nehru was the kotwal of Delhi before 1857.

Q.20 Who was Binodini Dasi?

a. a poet

b. an actress (true)

c. a painter

d. a singer

Answer:

Explanation: Binodini Das was also known as Notee Binodini and was a Calcutta based Bengali speaking actress.

Q.21 Binodini dasi was a pioneering figure in

a. Marathi theatre

b. Bengali theatre (true)

c. Tamil theatre

d. Bombay theatre

Answer:

Explanation: She was a pioneering figure in Bengali theatre and as a leading actress was passionately devoted to the development of theatre in Bengal.

Q.22 Whose autobiography was ‘Amar Katha’?

a. Sarojini Naidu

b. Kasturba Gandhi

c. Binodini Dasi (true)

d. Annie Basant

Answer:

Explanation: Binodini dasi was one of the first south Asian actresses to write her autobiography and it was named as ‘Amar Katha’.

Q.23 Which was the first hill station founded during the colonial period?

a. Simla (true)

b. Darjeeling

c. Mount Abu

d. Manali

Answer:

Explanation: The British discovered Shimla in 1819 after the Gurkha war. At that time, it was known for the temple of Hindu goddess Shyamala Devi.

Q.24 The first all India census was attempted in:

a. 1870

b. 1871

c. 1873

d. 1872 (true)

Q.25. Pitched roof is a term used by artichets for:

a. Flat roof

b. Sloping roof (True Answer)

c. Steep Slope

d. None of these

Answer:

Explanation: Pitched roof is a term used by architects to describe a sloping roof. By the early twentieth century, pitched roofs become less common.

Q.26 Original meaning of ‘basti’ in Bengali and Hindi is:

a. make shift huts

b. neighborhood (true answer)

c. slums

d. bungalows

Answer:

Explanation: Basti in Bengali and in Hindi originally meant neighborhood or settlement. In the late nineteenth century ‘busties’ and in sanitary slums become synonymous in British records.

Q.27 East India company had set up the supreme court in Calcutta in:

a. 1772

b. 1773 (true)

c. 1774

d. 1775

Answer:

Explanation: On March 23, 1774, the British Parliament formed the first supreme court at Calcutta with Sir Elijah Impey as the chief justice.

Q.28 Fortification of Calcutta was done in:

a. 1656

b. 1700

c. 1702 (true)

d. 1800

Answer:

Explanation: In 1702 the British completed their construction of fort William which was used to station its troops and as a regional base. Faced with skirmishes with French forces in 1756 they began to upgrade their fortifications.

Q.29 The capital of British India before Delhi was:

a. Bombay

b. Pune

c. Madras

d. Calcutta (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Calcutta was named the capital of British India in 1772 although the capital shifted to hilly town of simla during the summer months every year starting from 1864.

Q.30 The capital of British India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in:

a. 1900

b. 1911(true)

c. 1921

d. 1931

Answer:

Explanation: Kolkatta became the centre of the Indian independence movement as well as underwent partition in 1905 on communal grounds resulting in widespread agitation. All these activities along with the disadvantageous location of Kolkatta in the eastern fringes in India, prompted the British to shift their capital to Delhi in 1911.

Q.31 What does the term ‘black and white’ town signify?

a. different types of localities for Europeans and Indians (true)

b. different towns painted black and white

c. urban and rural localities

d. industrial and agricultural areas

Answer:

Explanation: The colonial cities were dual cities divided into black and white towns that referred to different localities for Europeans and Indians, in term of density, architecture, layout and life style.

Q.32 What was the percentage of the urban population to the total population in India?

a. 9.4

b. 10.2

c. 11.1

d. 12.8 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: In colonial India the percentage of urban population to the total population was 12.8%.

Q.33 Fort William of the English east India was situated at:

a. Calcutta (true)

b. Bombay

c. Delhi

d. Madras

Answer:

Explanation: Fort William was the fort built by the British Raj in Calcutta on the eastern banks of Hooghly River. It was named after the King William III of England.

Q.34 Who settled in pondicherry as main European traders in 1673:

a. the Danish

b. the French (true)

c. the Portuguese

d. the Dutch

Answer:

Explanation: On February 4 1673 Bellanger, a French officer, took up residence in the Danish Lodge in Pondicherry and the French period of Pondicherry began. In 1674 Francois Martin, the first governor, started to build Pondicherry and transformed it from a small fishing village into a flourishing port town.

Q.35 Fort St. George of English east India company was at :

a. Bombay

b. Madras(true)

c. Calcutta

d. Delhi

Answer:

Explanation: The fort saint George was built by the east India Company in 1639-40. it was one of the first English establishments in India.

CUET History Questions Objective Types for Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture Set-B

Q.36 Which city was the commercial capital of colonial India?

a. Bombay (true)

b. Pune

c. Chandigarh

d. Portugal

Answer:

Explanation: With the establishing of cotton mill, the opening of Suez canal in 1869 and the great Indian peninsular railways facilitating the travel within India Mumbai became the commercial capital of colonial India with the exports specially cotton from Bombay forming the major part of colonial economy.

Q.37 Universities in Bombay, Calcutta and madras were established in:

a. 1818

b. 1857 (true)

c. 1905

d. 1929

Answer:

Explanation: The universities in the three presidencies of India were established in 1857. They were one of the first educational institutions established in India by the British following the sir Charles woods’ dispatch on education in 1854.

Q.38 Viceroy John Lawrence officially moved his council to shimla in:

a. 1864 (true)

b. 1764

c. 1874

d. 1784

Answer:

Explanation: Viceroy john Lawrence succeeded lord Elgin and moved his council to simla, which was a hill station.

Q.39 First spinning and weaving mill in Bombay was established in:

a. 1758

b. 1811

c. 1837

d. 1857 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: In 1857 first spinning and weaving mill was established in Mumbai creating a cotton textile industry that was given a boost by the American civil war.

Q.40 Chintadripet was an area in black town of madras meant for:

a. dyers and bleachers

b. weavers (true)

c. Christian boatmen

d. Goldsmith

Answer:

Explanation: Chintadripet was one of the caste specific neighbourhoods in the black town of madras meant for the weavers.

Q.41 The area marked for the Christian boatmen working for the company, in black town of madras, was known as:

a. Chintadripet

b. washermanpet

c. Royapuram (true)

d. Vellalars

Answer:

Explanation: In the black town of madras there were caste specific neighborhoods one of which was Royapuram that referred to Christian boatmen working for the company.

Q.42 The Gurkha war of 1815-16 led to British interest in:

a. Kathmandu

b. Shimla (true)

c. Mount Abu

d. Rangoon

Answer:

Explanation: The gurkha war also called the Anglo-Nepalese war was fought between Neola and British east India company as a result of border tensions and ambitious expansionism. This war led to their interest in simla.

.

Q.43 Pet, meaning settlement is a:

a. Tamil word (true)

b. Kannar word

c. Bangla word

d. Telugu word

Answer:

Explanation: Pet is a Tamil word meaning settlement.

Q.44 Madras was fortified by British due to their rivalry with:

a. Dutch

b. Danish

c. Portuguese

d. French (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Rivalry with the French east India Company made the Britishers insecure and led them to fortify madras.

Q.45 The Anglo- Maratha war in 1818 led to British interest in:

a. Mount Abu (true)

b. Darjeeling

c. Simla

d. Sikkim

Answer:

The third Maratha- Anlglo war in 181 was a final and decisive war between British east India company and the Marathas that left the company in control of most of the country. Rajasthan was also taken by the company during the same period and raised their interest in Mount Abu.

Q.46 ‘Saracen’ was a term used by the Europeans to designate:

a. Hindu

b. Muslim (true)

c. Jew

d. Parsi

Answer:

Explanation: ‘Saracen’ term was used for those who professed islam. In Christian literature the term means those not from ‘Sarah’. Sarah is the wife of Abraham as described in Quran.

Q.47 Lottery committee set up in 1817 in Calcutta was named so because:

a. Lottery was the name of the governor of Calcutta in 1817

b. The members of the committee were chosen through lottery

c. It raised the funds for town improvement through public lotteries (true)

d. Lottery was the name of the chairman of the committee

Answer:

Explanation: In 1817 the planning of the town Calcutta was carried out by Lottery committee, which was named so it raised the funds town improvement and development through lotteries.

Q.48 Madras harbor was completed in the year:

a. 1717

b. 1771

c. 1817

d. 1881 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: it was due to the insistence of Madras Chamber of commerce that the work for building Madras harbor started in 1876 and was finished in 1881,

Q.49 The people of Holland were called:

a. Danish

b. French

c. Dutch (true)

d. Prussian

Answer:

Explanation: The people of Holland were known as Dutch.

Q.50 Before European countries the three main commercial centres of India were

a. Jammu, Puna and Mysore

b. Surat, Masulipatnam and Dhaka (true)

c. Ahmedabad, Srinagar and Patna

d. Madurai, Lucknow and Multan

Answer:

Explanation: Surat, Masulipatnam and Dhaka grew as the important commercial centres in the seventeenth century but declined after trade shifted to other places.

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CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
CUET History Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture