CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond

  • Board
    CBSE
  • Textbook
    NCERT
  • Class
    Class 12
  • Subject
    History
  • Chapter
    CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
  • Chapter Name
    Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Move
  • Category
    CUET (Common University Entrance Test) UG

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CUET History Questions Objective Types for Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond Set-A

History - MCQ on Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movements

Class XII

Q.1 Who is known as the father of nation?

a. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

b. Jawaharlal Nehru

c. Mahatma Gandhi (true)

d. Bhagat Singh

Answer:

Explanation: Mahatma Gandhi is known as father of nation as he played stellar role in India’s freedom struggle.

Q.2 Complete name of Mahatma Gandhi is:

a. Karamchand Gandhi

b. Mohan Gandhi

c. Mohandas Gandhi

d. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (true)

Answer:

Explanation: His real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The Mahatma came to be associated with his name later.

Q.3 Mahatma Gandhi was born on:

a. 2 October 1869 (true)

b. 14 November 1889

c. 14 November 1869

d. 2 October 1889

Answer:

Explanation: Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbander in Gujarat.

Q.4 Gandhi left India for South Africa in:

a. 1883

b. 8189

c. 1893 (true)

d. 1895

Answer:

Explanation: In 1893, Gandhi accepted a year long contract from an Indian firm to a post in Natal, South Africa.

Q.5 Whom did Gandhi regarded as his political guru?

a. Subhash Chandra Bose

b. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

c. Gopal Krishan Gokhley (true)

d. Karamchand Gandhi

Answer:

Explanation: Gandhi was primarily introduced to Indian issues, politics and the Indian people by Gopal Krishna Gokhley and was regarded by him as his guru.

Q.6 Gandhi returned from South Africa in:

a. 1900

b. 1905

c. 1910

d. 1915 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: In January 1915, Gandhi returned to his home land after two decades of residence abroad.

Q.7 What does BHU stand for?

a. Banaras Hindu university (true)

b. Bihar Hindu university

c. Best Hindu university

d. Bihar home university

Answer:

Explanation: BHU stands for Banaras Hindu university is a premier central university located in Varanasi.

Q.8 BHU was founded in the year:

a. 1910

b. 1916 (true)

c. 1928

d. 1930

Answer:

Explanation: On 4th February, 1916 lord Harding, the then governor general and viceroy laid the foundation stone of the university.

Q.9 Kheda is in:

a. Bihar

b. Rajasthan

c. Punjab

d. Gujarat (true)

Answer:

Explanation:Kheda is a town in the state Gujarat 35 Km from Ahmedabad.

Q.10 Champaran movement was launched in:

a. 1916

b. 1917 (true)

c. 1918

d. 1919

Answer:

Explanation: Champaran movement was launched against indigo cultivation, in 1917 by Gandhi.

Q.11 Peasant movement in Kheda was launched in:

a. 1917

b. 1918 (true)

c. 1919

d. 1920

Answer:

Explanation: Peasant movement in Kheda was launched 1918 against the extreme poverty, unhygienic conditions and heavy taxes levied upon the peasants.

Q.12 Champaran district is in:

a. Bihar (true)

b. Gujarat

c. Madhya Pradesh

d. Orissa

Answer:

Explanation: Champaran district is located in Bihar.

Q.13 Who were known as Lal, Bal and Pal?

a. Lal bahadur Shastri, bal Gangadhar Tilak and Gopal Krishan Gokhley

b. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal (true)

c. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gopal Krishna Gokhley and Bal Gangadhar Tilak

d. Jawaharlal Nehru, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal

Answer:

Explanation: Lal, Bal Pal were Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. They were the Swadeshi triumvirate who advocated the Swadeshi movement.

Q.14 Gandhiji gave his first major public appearance, after returning to India, at:

a. Champaran

b. Kheda

c. Opening of BHU (true)

d. Lahore

Answer:

Explanation: Gandhi gave his first major public appearance at the opening function of BHU where he spoke about the lack of concern among the elites for the laboring poor.

Q.15 Khilafat movement was launched in:

a. 1919 (true)

b. 1923

c. 1925

d. 1927

Answer:

Explanation: Khilafat movement was a political campaign launched in 1919 by Muslims in South Asia to influence the British government and to protect the ottoman empire during the aftermath of world war I.

Q.16 Khilafat movement was led by:

a. Rehmat Ali and Jinnah

b. Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali (true)

c. Sayyed Ali

d. Mahatma Gandhi

Answer:

Explanation: Mualana Mohammed Ali and his brother Shaukat Ali famously known as Ali brothers along with other Muslim leaders formed the Khilafat committee and led the Khilafat movement in India.

Q.17 In 1915, Gopal Krishan Gokhley advised Gandhi to

a. write a book about India

b. spend the year traveling around India (true)

c. read the history of India

d. work with congress

Answer:

Explanation: In 1915 when Gandhi returned India had undergone many changes since the time he left. Therefore, Gopal Krishna Gokhley advised him to travel around India for a year, getting to understand the land, its people, their issues and life.

Q.18 When was the first independence day celebrated in colonial India?

a. 19 October 1929

b. 3 January 1930

c. 26 January 1930 (true)

d. 12 march 1930

Answer:

Explanation: During its Lahore session in 1929, congress adopted the resolution of complete independence for India as its goal. The Indian tricolour was hoisted on 1 January 1930 and 26 January 1930 was celebrated as the first Indian Independence Day.

Q.19 Rowlatt act Satyagarh act was launched in:

a. march 1919 (true)

b. august 1920

c. march 1921

d. august 1921

Answer:

Explanation: The Rowlatt act was a law was passed in march 1919, indefinitely extending emergency measures enacted during Ist world war. Against this on April 6 1919, Gandhi along with others started Satyagrah.

Q.20 Non-cooperation campaign was launched in:

a. 1920 (true)

b. 1925

c. 1927

d. 1930

Answer:

Explanation: The non-cooperation movement was the first ever series of nationwide people’s movement of nonviolent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi and other congress leaders and took place from September 1920 until 1922

Q.21 Dandi March was started to:

a. launch anti touchability campaign

b. to protest the increased rate of land revenue

c. break the salt law (true)

d. protest the Rowlatt act

Answer:

Explanation: The salt satyagrah also known as Dandi march was a non-violent protest by Gandhi against the British monopoly over the salt trade in India and the salt taxes in colonial India.

Ho along with his followers marched to dandi to break the salt law and make salt on his own.

Q.22 The ashram founded by Gandhi at Ahmedabad is known as:

a. Swaraj ashram

b. Saraswati ashram

c. Gandhi ashram

d. Sabarmati ashram (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Sabarmati ashram located on the remote areas of Sabarmati on the western banks of the Sabarmati river was founded by Gandhi ands is also known as Gandhi ashram.

Q.23 The term Harijan means:

a. the out caste

b. untouchables

c. people of god (true)

d. rich people

Answer:

Explanation: Harijan means people of god and was the name given to the so called untouchables in the Indian caste system during his movement for their upliftment.

Q.24 Dandi March was started on:

a. march 12, 1930 (true)

b. January 26, 1930

c. August 13, 1931

d. September 30, 1931

Answer:

Explanation: The Dandi march started from Sabarmati ashram against the salt law lasted from March 12, 1930 to April 6, 1930.

Q.25 Civil disobedience movement began in:

a. 1929

b. 1930 (true)

c. 1931

d. 1935

Answer:

Explanation: Civil Disobedience Movement launched in 1930 under MK Gandhi's leadership was one of the most important phases of India's freedom struggle.

Q.26 Congress did not participate at all in

a. first round table conference (true)

b. second round table conference

c. third round table conference

d. none of the above

Answer:

Explanation: Congress along with all its leaders kept away from the first round table conference and was opened on November 13 1930. it was attended by the Muslim leaders, Hindu mahasabha leaders, liberals and princely states’ rulers.

Q.27 Gandhi Irwin pact signed in:

a. march 1930

b. march 1931 (true)

c. march 1932

d. march 1933

Answer:

Explanation: Gandhi- Irwin pact refers to a political agreement signed by mahatma Gandhi and the then viceroy of India, lord Irwin on 5th march 1931.

Q.28 Purna Swaraj was accepted as goal by congress at

a. Lahore (true)

b. Peshawar

c. Karachi

d. Surat

Answer:

Explanation: During its Lahore session in 1929, congress adopted the resolution of complete independence for India as its goal and hoisted the flag on 1st January 1930

Q.29 Historical Lahore congress annual session was held in:

a. January 1929

b. March 1929

c. October 1929

d. December 1929 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: The historical Lahore session where the resolution for Purna Swaraj was passed, was held in 1930.

Q.30 Purna Swaraj was accepted by congress under the president ship of:

a. Motilal Nehru

b. Jawaharlal Nehru

c. Mahatma Gandhi (true)

d. None of the above

Answer:

Explanation: The Lahore session where Purna Swaraj was accepted was presided over by Mahatma Gandhi.

CUET History Questions Objective Types for Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond Set-B

Q.31 Gandhi withdrew noncooperation movement in:

a. February 1922 (true)

b. January 1921

c. April 1920

d. None of the above

Answer:

Explanation: Non co-operation movement was withdrawn in February 1922 after a violent clash in the town of Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh.

.

Q.32 Where was the second round table conference held:

a. London (true)

b. Lahore

c. Punjab

d. New York

Answer:

Explanation: The second round table congress was held in London in the latter part 1931, which was attended by Gandhi as the representative of congress.

Q.33 Lal, Bal and Pal were associated with

a. radical nationalists

b. terrorists

c. revolutionaries

d. extremist group of leaders of congress (true)

Answer:

Explanation: Lal Bal Pal was the trio that organized the extremist group in the congress.

Q.34 When did the congress split for the first time?

a. 1900

b. 1902

c. 1906 (true)

d. 1909

Answer:

Explanation: In 1906 congress was split into two because of the ideological difference between the extremist group led by Tilak and the group of moderates led by Gopal Krishan Gokhley.

Q.35 Congress ministries before independence were formed in many provinces in:

a. 1931

b. 1933

c. 1935

d. 1937 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: In 1937, two years after the government of India act 1935, in an election held based on restrictive franchise, the congress won 8 out of the 11 provinces.

Q.36 Congress ministries resigned during the British rule in:

a. 1933

b. 1936

c. 1939 (true)

d. 1941

Answer:

Explanation: In September 1939, the congress ,after the II world war broke out, proposed to support the Britishers against the Nazis if they in turn promise to grant complete independence to India once hostilities end. When this proposal was rejected, congress resigned in October 1939.

Q.37 The viceroy of India in 1939 was:

a. Lord linlithgow (true)

b. Lord Irwin

c. Lord Mountbatten

d. Lord Hastings

Answer:

Explanation: Lord Linlithgow served as the viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943.

Q.38 Swadeshi movement was launched during the period:

a. 1905-1907 (true)

b. 1900-1903

c. 1910-1915

d. 1917-1918

Answer:

Explanation: Swadeshi Movement was launched in 1905-1907.

Q.39 In march 1940 Muslim league passed a resolution committing itself to:

a. supporting congress

b. creation of separate state Pakistan (true)

c. maintaining communal harmony

d. supporting the British government

Answer:

Explanation: On 23 March 1940, Muslim league passed a resolution committing itself to the creation of a separate state of Pakistan.

Q.40 In 1942 a mass movement was launched by Gandhi that was known as:

a. Swadeshi movement

b. Non co operation movement

c. Civil disobedience movement

d. Quit India movement (true)

Answer:

Explanation: After the failure of Cripps mission, in 1942 mahatma Gandhi launched a mass movement known as, Quit India movement that demanded the complete withdrawal of Britishers from India.

Q.41 The government of India act that promised for the first time some form of government was passed in

a. 1930

b. 1935 (true)

c. 1940

d. 1942

Answer:

Explanation: In 1935 a new Government of India act was passed that promised some form of representative government and consequently elections were held in 1937.

Q.42 Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on:

a. 13 April 1919 (true)

b. 13 April 1917

c. 13 April 1918

d. 13 April 1920

Answer:

Explanation: Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13 April 1919 in Amritsar, Punjab under the command of British General Dyer.

Q.43 The fighting period for second world war was:

a. 1935-1940

b. 1938-1942

c. 1940-1945

d. 1939-1945 (true)

Answer:

Explanation: The Second World War broke out in 1939 and went on until 1945.

Q.44 Sardar title was given to Vallabh Bhai Patel by:

a. Jawaharlal Nehru

b. Gandhi (true)

c. B.R. Ambedkar

d. Lord Irwin

Answer:

Explanation: Mahatama Ghandi in gave Sardar title to Vallbh Bhai Patel

Q.45 Congress Khilafat Swaraj party was formed in:

a. 1913

b. 1918

c. 1922 (true)

d. 1927

Answer:

Explanation: In December 1922, Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru formed the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party with Das as the president and Nehru as one of the secretaries.

Q.46 The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was carried out by:

a. Warren Hastings

b. General Dyer (true)

c. Lord Irwin

d. Lord Wellesley

Answer:

Explanation: The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre was named after Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on April 13, 1919 under the command of General Reginald Dyer. Under his command, the British Indian Army soldiers opened fire on an unarmed gathering of man, women and children.

Q.47 The non-cooperation movement was suspended after the:

a. Chauri Chaura incidence (true)

b. Jallianwala Bagh massacre

c. Dandi march

d. Gandhiji’s arrest

Answer:

Explanation: The non-cooperation movement was suspended in 1922 when 15 policemen were hacked to death and a police station set on fire by a nationalist mob in Chauri Chaura.

Q.48 The first lady president of congress was:

a. Kamala Nehru

b. Indira Gandhi

c. Annie Besant (true)

d. Sarojini Naidu|

Answer:

Explanation: Annie Besant was the first lady President of Congress. She became the President of India in 1917.

Q.49 At the time of independence on 15 August 1947, Gandhi was in riot torn city of

a. Amritsar

b. Orissa

c. Calcutta (true)

d. Lucknow

Answer:

Explanation: On 15 August 1947, Gandhi was in Calcutta but he did not attend any function or hoist a flag but marked the day with 24 hours fast.

Q.50 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on:

a. 30 March 1947

b. 30 August 1947

c. 30 January 1948 (true)

d. 30 April 1948

Answer:

Explanation: Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, shot by Nathuram Godse. He was an activist of the Hindu nationalist Hindu Mahasabha.

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CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
CUET History Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond