Odd Numbers
Overview of Odd Numbers
Numbers that cannot be divided into pairs are called odd numbers. The ancient Greeks saw numbers that couldn't be split into two equal groups as unusual and called them odd. Over time, this idea has changed. For instance, look at any multiple of 2. You will notice that these numbers can always be divided into pairs. All whole numbers, except multiples of 2, are odd numbers. This feature will be explored later in the essay.
Also Check: Prime Numbers from 1 to 100
What do odd numbers mean?
Odd numbers are numbers that cannot be split evenly into two parts. These are positive integers that can't be divided into two equal groups. Examples include 1, 3, 5, 7, and so on. Let's use shoes and cherries as examples to understand this better. Imagine we have shoes in counts of 1, 3, 5, and 7. Meanwhile, we have cherries in pairs of 2, 4, 6, and 8. By comparing these, we can see how pairing works.
Notice that when the number of shoes is odd, they cannot all be paired up, leaving one shoe unpaired. In contrast, even numbers can be divided into two equal parts. For instance, 4 can be split into 2 pairs of 2, and 8 can be split into 4 pairs of 2.
Here are some properties of odd numbers in mathematical operations:
 Addition: For example, 3 (odd) + 7 (odd) = 10 (even).
 Subtraction: For example, 7 (odd)  3 (odd) = 4 (even).
 Multiplication: For example, 3 (odd) × 5 (odd) = 15 (odd).
 Division: For example, 55 (odd) ÷ 11 (odd) = 5 (odd).
Types of Odd Numbers
Odd numbers make up a large set of numbers with various characteristics, such as whether they have factors, the difference between two odd numbers, their position on the number line, and more. Below are the two basic types of odd numbers.
Also Check: Even Numbers
Consecutive Odd Numbers
If n is an odd integer, then the numbers n and n + 2 are consecutive odd numbers. They always have a difference of two and follow one another in sequence. For example, 3 and 5, 11 and 13, 25 and 27, 37 and 39, 49 and 51, and so on. The list continues indefinitely.
Composite Odd Numbers
As the name suggests, composite means "made up of several parts or factors." These odd numbers are the product of two smaller positive odd integers. Examples of composite odd numbers between 1 and 100 include 9, 15, 21, 25, 27, 33, 35, 39, 45, 49, 51, 55, 57, 63, 65, 69, 75, 77, 81, 85, 87, 91, 93, 95, and 99.
Properties of Odd Numbers
Here are the key properties of odd numbers:
Addition of Odd Numbers
Adding two odd numbers always gives an even number.
For example, 3 + 5 = 8 and 7 + 11 = 18.
Subtraction of Odd Numbers
Subtracting one odd number from another always gives an even number.
For example, 9  5 = 4 and 15  7 = 8.
Multiplication of Odd Numbers
Multiplying two odd numbers always gives an odd number.
For example, 3 × 5 = 15 and 7 × 9 = 63.
Division of Odd Numbers
Dividing one odd number by another odd number results in an odd number if the denominator is a factor of the numerator; otherwise, it gives a decimal.
For example, 15 ÷ 3 = 5 (odd), 21 ÷ 7 = 3 (odd), and 15 ÷ 4 = 3.75 (decimal).
Representation of Odd Numbers
Odd numbers can be written as 2k + 1, where k is any integer.
For example, 1 = 2(0) + 1, 7 = 2(3) + 1, 5 = 2(3) + 1.
Also Check: CoPrime Numbers
Odd Numbers Tips and Tricks

To check if a number is odd or even, divide it by 2.
 If there's a remainder of 1, it's odd.
 If there's no remainder (remainder of 0), it's even.

Odd numbers typically end in 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9.
 Even numbers always end in 0.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Odd Numbers
No, 2 is not an odd number. It is an even number because it can be divided into two equal parts without leaving any remainder.
0 is an even number. Even numbers are those that can be divided into two equal parts without leaving any remainder, and 0 satisfies this condition.
Even numbers are those that can be divided into two equal parts without leaving any remainder, such as 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. Odd numbers are those that cannot be divided into two equal parts, such as 1, 3, 5, 7, etc.
1 is an odd number. Odd numbers are those that cannot be divided into two equal parts without leaving a remainder, and 1 satisfies this condition.
17 is an odd number. Odd numbers are those that cannot be divided into two equal parts without leaving a remainder, and 17 satisfies this condition.